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The illustration shows the capsid of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) whose molecular features were resolved with cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM). On the left, the HIV capsid is "naked," a state in which it would be easily detected by and removed from cells. However, as shown on the right, when the viral capsid binds to and is covered with a host protein, called cyclophilin A (shown in red), it evades detection and enters and invades the human cell to use it to establish an infection.
To learn more about how cyclophilin A helps HIV infect cells and how scientists used cryo-EM to find out the mechanism by which the HIV capsid attaches to cyclophilin A, see this news release by the University of Illinois. A study reporting these findings was published in the journal Nature Communications.
Juan R. Perilla, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Juan R. Perilla, Klaus Schulten and the Theoretical and Computational Biophysics Group
This page last reviewed on
3/28/2019 5:19 PM
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